Periodontal or gum disease is an infection which affects the gums and the bone around each tooth. Gum disease can be present in a patient either as a localized infection or a generalized one which will spread to all parts of the mouth.
In its most basic form, gum disease can be identified as an infection of bacteria that will reside in the areas below the gum line. Gum disease can normally be treated with antibiotics in addition to standard dental treatments which will take out the infections and bacteria.
Causes of Gum Disease
The primary cause for gum disease is the presence of bacterial plaque. Plaque is a sticky and colorless layer which forms on teeth as a result of poor oral hygiene practices like the failure to brush and floss teeth regularly.
Another serious factor which can cause the onset of gum disease is smoking tobacco. In addition to causing many other diseases in the body, tobacco is highly effective is causing gum disease as well. According to many research studies done on tobacco’s connection to gum disease, smoking has been identified as one of the most serious factors to cause and spread gum disease at a rapid rate. Therefore, avoiding smoking is one of the best things to do to live a healthy life.
Another common cause of gum disease is stress. Stress is very capable of causing a multitude of diseases and periodontal, or gum disease is one of them. If a person who is suffering from the periodontal disease is suffering from stress, it has been proven that it’s difficult for the natural processes of the body to get rid of the bacterial infection.
Lastly, diabetes is a common causative factor of the periodontal disease. People who have diabetes are at an increased risk of suffering from infections like gum disease. As a result of these infections, the body’s ability to control and use insulin for the control of blood sugar may become a problem and also make it hard for the body to fight off the infection.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
Here is a list of 7 symptoms of oral problems that need immediate treatment of gum disease.
The initial symptom of any gum disease is bleeding gums with sore. Bleeding while brushing is never a normal occurrence and if one is facing this situation consistently, then gum disease is to be blamed here.
Unpleasant breath or a nasty taste can arise because of the previous night’s meal, or it might be a result of gum diseases. If the condition is persistent, then it is worth mentioning to one’s dentist for receiving proper treatment.
If you notice that the healthy pink tissue surrounding your teeth is beginning to shrink or recede, then it is a sign. This can get severe by exposing the tooth structure that in turn makes the teeth appear longer.
Feeling a painful sensation while chewing can be a result of many factors like- tooth decay, cracked tooth or even an old filling. However, one major factor that can give birth to this unpleasant sensation is gum disease.
A swollen, red and irritated gum could result from a vigorous brushing session using a hard bristled toothbrush. However, if you experience the same even after following the right tools and techniques, then gum disease is the evil culprit here.
A common gum disease that can be indicated by inflamed gums is gingivitis, which is not easily recognized. However, you must get a specialist’s help if you are experiencing a problem involving discolored teeth or swollen gums.
A crooked tooth can also sometimes indicate possible gum disease like periodontitis that can change a person appearance due to teeth misalignment. In severe cases, it might also result in existing bone loss, tooth mobility as well as loss of a tooth.
Gum diseases are silent killers and need to get taken care of before it gets worse. What you need to know about gum disease is that it can be easily treated in its early stages. The latter is a complex procedure and requires skilled and well-equipped practitioners to operate successfully.
If you feel you may have gum disease please contact us at ProCare Dentistry for a consultation and appointment (561) 737-5530.